Potsherd: Atlas of Roman Pottery

B1 amphoras

A globular two-handled amphora with conical neck, everted rim and grooves on the upper body in pale fabrics. Produced in the Aegean and widely distributed around eastern Mediterranean (more rarely in the west) from the 5th to 7th centuries AD.

Roman Amphorae: a digital resource
(University of Southampton, 2005. doi:10.5284/1000021) Pages include details of typology, chronology, distribution, epigraphy and hi-resolution images of thin-sections.
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Fabric and technology

Hard, fine-textured buff or pink ware, often with large white inclusions visible.


Two handled vessel with globular body, conical neck and everted rim; upper part of body covered with a band of horizontal grooves.


From 5th to early 7th c. AD.


The Aegean area, perhaps Chios.


Wide distribution around the eastern Mediterranean; rare in northern Europe but some examples on post-Roman sites in Western Britain.


Keay fabric 21. Keay class LXV. Peacock and Williams class 43 (Scorpan 7A, Carthage LR2, Benghazi LR2, Keay LXV).


General: Tomber and Williams 1986. Distribution: Thomas 1981; Riley 1979; Reynolds 1995, 71-83; Pieri 1998)


Pieri 1998. Pieri, D., ‘les importations d’amphores oreintales en Gaule méridionale durant l’Antiquité tardive et le Haut Moyen Age (IVe-VIIe siècles après J.-C.). Typologie, chronologie et contenu’ in Actes du Congrès d’Istres. 21-24 mai 1998. Société Française d’tude de la Céramique Antique, ed. L. Rivet, SFECAG, Marseille, (1998), pp. 97-106.

Reynolds 1995. Reynolds, P., Trade in the Western Mediterranean, AD 400-700: The ceramic aevidence, BAR International Series, 604, Tempvs Reparatvm, Oxford, (1995).

Riley 1979. Riley, J. A., ‘The coarse pottery from Benghazi’ in Excavations at Sidi Khrebish, Benghazi (Berenice). II, ed. J. A. Lloyd, Supplements to Libya Antiqua, 5, Department of Antiquities, Tripoli, (1979), pp. 91-497.

Thomas 1981. Thomas, C., A provisional list of imported pottery in Post-Roman Britain and Ireland, Special report, 7, Institute of Cornish Studies, Redruth, (1981).

Tomber and Williams 1986. Tomber, R. and Williams, D. F., ‘Late Roman amphorae in Britain’, Journal of Roman Pottery Studies, 1, (1986), pp. 42-54.

Distribution of B1 amphoras in Britain
B1 amphoras
URL: http://potsherd.net/atlas/Ware/B1 • © Text 1996, 2014: Layout 2012, 2014. Some images may be linked to other web sites.