Potsherd: Atlas of Roman Pottery

Corbridge mortaria

Mortaria manufactured at or near Corbridge (Northumberland/GB) during the 2nd century AD; distributed across northern England and southern Scotland.

Fabric and technology

Fine-textured with slightly rough surfaces, varying from creamy-grey to pale orange or brown; inclusions of ill-sorted quartz and some rounded red-brown particles; quartz and black and red-brown sandstone trituration grit. Wheel-thrown.

Forms

Mortaria with bead and roll flange. Gillam 242, 243, 256, 264, 266, 267.

Stamps

Several potters can be assigned to the Corbridge region on distributional grounds.

Potter Date
ANAUS 120-160
BELLICUS 155-185
MARCUS (?) 120-160
MATUTINUS 120-160
SATURNINUS 100-130
SULLONIAC[or N]US 100-140

Table 1.  Principal Corbridge mortarium potters

Chronology

2nd cent.

Source

Corbridge

Distribution

Principally Corbridge (where there are large numbers), with small numbers from elsewhere in the northern frontier zone, including the Antonine Wall.

Aliases

JRPS bibliography fabric cbm. Rough Castle mortarium fabric 3.

Bibliography

The principal potters are discussed in Bishop and Dore 1989, 265-6; MacIvor et al. 1981, 258-9.

References

Bishop and Dore 1989. Bishop, M. C. and Dore, J. N., Corbridge. Excavations of the Roman fort and town, 1947-80, Archaeological Report, 8, Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, London, (1989).

MacIvor et al. 1981. MacIvor, I., Thomas, M. C. and Breeze, D. J., ‘Excavations on the Antonine Wall fort of Rough Castle, Stirlingshire, 1957-61’, PSAS, 110, (1981), pp. 230-85.

Distribution of Corbridge mortaria in Britain
Roman Pottery in Britain (Tyers 1996)
  • Fabric code: CBMO (p.118)
Thumbnail images (click for higher resolution):
National Roman Fabric Reference Collection
(Dore & Tomber 1998, Museum of London Archaeology Service Monograph 2)
  • Fabric code: COR WH (Corbridge White ware, p.172).
Thumbnail images
Corbridge mortaria
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