Potsherd: Atlas of Roman Pottery

Central Gaulish colour-coated wares

Colour-coated cups and beakers with pale brown or white fabrics, darker red-brown or brown slips and barbotine or rough-cast decoration, produced in Central Gaul and widely distributed across Gaul and Britain during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.

Fabric and technology

There are two fabrics:

  • Hard, almost pure white or cream fabric (2.5Y 9/0) with clean or slightly laminar fracture; sparse red inclusions, clear quartz and mica flakes. Wheel-thrown. Black, dark greenish-brown, (10YR 5/4-3/2) or red (2.5YR 6/4) slip with a metallic sheen; often blood-red (10R 4/8-10) on the interior and lower body. The paste is identical to the principal Central Gaulish glazed ware (CGGL) fabric.

  • Soft, fine pale-buff (10YR 8/4) or buff-brown fabric; slightly sandy and micaceous. Slip ranges from dark chestnut-brown (2.5YR 3/0) or black to orange (5YR 7/8) with a metallic sheen.

Decorated with barbotine, particularly ‘hairpin’ and ‘teardrop’ motifs, roughcasting of crushed white clay pellets, or more rarely, rouletting.

Forms

Cups and beakers; the ‘hairpin’ beakers are particularly characteristic. Rarer types include folded beakers, and shallow tripod dishes. The rims of the beakers are sharply everted and differ from those of the contemporary Rhineland industries.

Chronology

Produced during the pre-Flavian period, but the floruit of the ware is the Flavian-Trajanic.

Source

Central Gaul. The white fabric may be from the Allier valley, while the buff fabrics are probably from the area of Lezoux and Les Martres-de-Veyre.

Distribution

Gaul, the Rhineland and Britain.

Aliases

Gloucester fabric TF12Q. JRPS bibliography fabrics ccc and hpb.

Bibliography

Greene 1979; , summarizes the evidence from Lezoux, with a typology; also Bet et al. 1987. Symonds 1992, Group 1 & 2.

References

**“.**

Bet et al. 1987. Bet, P., Gangloff, R. and Vertet, H., Les productions céramiques antiques de Lezoux et de la Gaule centrale à travers les collections du Musée archéologique de Lezoux (63), Revue archéologique SITES. Hors-série, 32, (1987).

Greene 1979. Greene, K. T., The pre-Flavian fine wares, Report on the excavations at Usk, 1965-1976, 1, University of Wales Press [for] the Board of Celtic Studies of the University of Wales,, Cardiff:, (1979).

Symonds 1992. Symonds, R. P., Rhenish wares. Fine dark coloured pottery from Gaul and Germany, Oxford University Committee for Archaeology. Monograph, 23, Oxford, (1992).

Distribution of Central Gaulish colour-coated wares in Britain
Roman Pottery in Britain (Tyers 1996)
  • Fabric code: CGCC (p.139)
Thumbnail images (click for higher resolution):
National Roman Fabric Reference Collection
(Dore & Tomber 1998, Museum of London Archaeology Service Monograph 2)
  • Fabric code: CNG CC 1 (Central Gaulish (White) Colour-coated ware 1, p.52).
  • Fabric code: CNG CC 2 (Central Gaulish (Cream) Colour-coated ware 2, p.53).
Thumbnail images
La céramique romaine en Gaule du Nord
(Brulet, Vilvorder and Delage 2010)
  • LA CÉRAMIQUE ENGOBÉE DE LEZOUX (EN-LX) (p.324)
Images and text not available on-line. See also the listings of International Fabrics Reference Collection for Roman Ceramics at Louvain (text in French).
Central Gaulish colour-coated wares
URL: http://potsherd.net/atlas/Ware/CGCC • © Text 1996, 2014: Layout 2012, 2014. Some images may be linked to other web sites.