Potsherd: Atlas of Roman Pottery

Late Roman grog-tempered wares

Coarse textured hand-formed grog-tempered jars, bowls and dishes produced in south-east England during the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.

Fabric and technology

A variety of fabrics, but generally grey, brown or black with frequent inclusions of grog, sand, and occasionally flint and shell; facet-burnished or wiped surfaces, often with ‘soapy’ finish. Sometimes decorated with lattice or other lines or strokes. Hand-formed.


Forms follow the common late Roman black-burnished derived models, with flanged bowls, dishes and everted rim jars.

Form Portchester Kent
Bowl 86 205-207
Dish 107 204
Jar 123 208-211

Table 1.  Classification of Late Roman grog-tempered forms (after Fulford and Pollard)


From late 3rd cent. until the end of the Roman period.


A number of sources; the Wessex and Kent material is generally distinguishable, but no kiln sites are known.


Hampshire, Sussex, the London region and Kent. High proportions (up to 90%) in some late 4th cent. contexts in Kent.


Lullingstone fabric 66. Kent coarse fabric 11b. Portchester fabric A.


Fulford 1975, 286-92; Pollard 1988, 129, 149-50. Quantified data in Pomel 1984.


Fulford 1975. Fulford, M. G., ‘The pottery’ in Excavations at Portchester Castle. Volume I: Roman, ed. B. W. Cunliffe, Reports of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries of London, 32, Society of Antiquaries, London, (1975), pp. 270-367.

Pollard 1988. Pollard, R. J., The Roman pottery of Kent, Monograph series of the Kent Archaeological Society, 5, Kent Archaeological Society, Maidstone, (1988).

Pomel 1984. Pomel, M. G., ‘A study of later Roman pottery groups in Southern Britain: fabrics, form and chronology’, M. Phil. thesis, Institute of Archaeology, University of London, (1984).

Distribution of Late Roman grog-tempered wares in Britain
Roman Pottery in Britain (Tyers 1996)
  • Fabric code: LRGR (p.191)
Thumbnail images (click for higher resolution):
National Roman Fabric Reference Collection
(Dore & Tomber 1998, Museum of London Archaeology Service Monograph 2)
  • Fabric code: HAM GT (Hampshire Grog-tempered ware, p.139).
Thumbnail images
Late Roman grog-tempered wares
URL: http://potsherd.net/atlas/Ware/LRGR • © Text 1996, 2014: Layout 2012, 2014. Some images may be linked to other web sites.