Potsherd: Atlas of Roman Pottery

New Forest slipped wares

A wide range of fine tables wares produced in the New Forest (Hants/GB) and distributed across southern Britain during the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.

Fabric and technology

A range of dark- or red-slipped wares. Fulford defines three variants:

Hard, fine fabric which may be highly fired, up to a ‘stone ware’ quality; reduced grey or dark grey core with surface varying from pale yellow-red, through reddish brown to dark red or purple (often on same vessel), with high metallic sheen (from 2.5YR 3.5/2 to 5.5/8; 2.5Y 2/0) ; rare inclusions of dark iron ores.

Similar to 1a, but oxidized; reddish yellow or reddish brown (5YR 3.5/3; 2.5YR 5.5/8, 2.5/0) slip.

Hard, slightly sandy fabric with granular texture; reddish-yellow (5YR 4.5/6) core with reddish-brown (2.5YR 3.5/6) slip.

All wheel-thrown. Wide range of decorative techniques, including barbotine scales or leaves, white painted, incised, impressed and rouletted.

Forms

Beakers, flasks, jugs and flagons (fabric 1a) and bowls (fabric 1b/c). Many of the red-slipped bowl types follow late sigillata prototypes (Drag. 31, 33, 35/36, 38, 44, 45 etc), but most widely distributed types are beakers (particularly the folded beaker, type 27), flasks and jugs.

Form Description Fabric
1-26 Flasks and jugs 1a
27-52 Beakers 1a
53 Cup 1a
54-57 Jars or small bowls 1a
58 Lid 1a
59-77 Bowls 1b/c
78-81 Mortaria 1b/c
82-85 Misc. bowls 1b/c

Table 1.  Classification of New Forest slipped ware forms (after Fulford)

Chronology

c. AD 260-370. Production probably ceased before the end of the 4th cent.

Source

The New Forest industry.

Distribution

Widespread in central southern England, with a scatter beyond.

Aliases

Fulford1975, fabric 1.

Aliases

Bath fabric 6.2. Caister-on-sea fabric NFCC-29. Carlisle fabric 302. Dorchester fabrics 20 and 21. Gloucester fabric TF12C. JRPS bibliography fabrics nfc and nfr. Lullingstone fabric 13. Kent fine fabric 14a.

Bibliography

Fulford 1975; RCHM gazetteer 108-9, F322-41, F344

References

Fulford 1975. Fulford, M. G., New Forest Roman pottery. Manufacture and distribution, with a corpus of pottery types, British archaeological reports, 17, BAR, Oxford, (1975).

Distribution of New Forest slipped wares in Britain
Roman Pottery in Britain (Tyers 1996)
  • Fabric code: NFCC (p.171)
Thumbnail images (click for higher resolution):
National Roman Fabric Reference Collection
(Dore & Tomber 1998, Museum of London Archaeology Service Monograph 2)
  • Fabric code: NFO CC (New Forest (Metallic) Colour-coated ware, p.141).
  • Fabric code: NFO RS 1 (New Forest (Coarse) Red-slipped ware 1, p.142).
  • Fabric code: NFO RS 2 (New Forest (Fine) Red-slipped ware 2, p.144).
Thumbnail images
The pottery kilns of Roman Britain (Swan 1984)
Kilns producing this ware are located at:
  • Fordingbridge (Hants)
  • Rockbourne (Hants)
Further details of these sites are available through the link above, and are summarized and mapped here.
New Forest slipped wares
URL: http://potsherd.net/atlas/Ware/NFCC • © Text 1996, 2014: Layout 2012, 2014. Some images may be linked to other web sites.