Potsherd: Atlas of Roman Pottery

South Gaulish colour-coated ware

Mould-made hemispherical cups in a fine buff or orange-brown fabric with a pale golden slip, produced at the South Gaulish sigillata factories at Millau (Aveyron/FR) and Montans (Tarn/FR) and distributed across Gaul and Britain during the 1st century AD.

Fabric and technology

Very fine buff or orange-brown fabric (7.5YR 7/4) with thin pale golden-brown (2.5YR 6/6) slip, which usually has a slight metallic sheen. Occasionally slightly micaceous, and with fine sand roughcasting on the interior. Mould-made, with relief decoration on exterior.

Forms

Small cups, Cam.~62, with a slightly carinated profile, which vary considerably in their details. Some have grooves below the rim, or a slight footring. Decoration in the general style of contemporary sigillata, but with much individual variation.

Chronology

Production may commence in the Tiberian period, but majority from c. AD 40-70.

Source

The southern Gaulish samian factories, particularly La Graufesenque and Montans.

Distribution

Wide but thin distribution in Gaul (particularly Aquitaine), the Rhineland and Switzerland; rare in Britain.

Aliases

Kent fine fabric 20b.

Bibliography

Greene 1979, 50-5; Greene 1972. Ohlenroth in Ettlinger and Simonett 1952, for the continental distribution. The evidence from La Graufesenque is described in Bémont 1982.

References

Bémont 1982. Bémont, C., ‘Fabrications de vases à parois fines à La Graufesenque’, ReiCretActa, 21-22, (1982), pp. 7-15.

Ettlinger and Simonett 1952. Ettlinger, E. and Simonett, C., Römische Keramik aus dem Schütthugel von Vindonissa, Veröff. Ges. Vindonissa, 3, Basel, (1952).

Greene 1972. Greene, K. T., ‘Seven pre-Flavian moulded cups from Britain’, ReiCretActa, 14-15, (1972-3), pp. 48-54.

Greene 1979. Greene, K. T., The pre-Flavian fine wares, Report on the excavations at Usk, 1965-1976, 1, University of Wales Press [for] the Board of Celtic Studies of the University of Wales,, Cardiff:, (1979).

Distribution of South Gaulish colour-coated ware in Britain
Roman Pottery in Britain (Tyers 1996)
  • Fabric code: SGCC (p.160)
Thumbnail images (click for higher resolution):
National Roman Fabric Reference Collection
(Dore & Tomber 1998, Museum of London Archaeology Service Monograph 2)
  • Fabric code: SOG CC (South Gaulish Colour-coated ware, p.64).
Thumbnail images
La céramique romaine en Gaule du Nord
(Brulet, Vilvorder and Delage 2010)
  • LA CÉRAMIQUE ENGOBÉE DE LA GRAUFESENQUE (EN-LG) (p.321)
Images and text not available on-line. See also the listings of International Fabrics Reference Collection for Roman Ceramics at Louvain (text in French).
South Gaulish colour-coated ware
URL: http://potsherd.net/atlas/Ware/SGCC • © Text 1996, 2014: Layout 2012, 2014. Some images may be linked to other web sites.