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Camulodunum type 262, le type Besançon and Central Gaulish granite-tempered ware

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Site name Neuss
location DE Nordrhein-Westfalen
Typology Cam 262
Description Both of the major publications of the coarse pottery from the Neuss fortress include examples of form C262 (FIG.16, 6-11). There are three amongst the Augustan assemblage (Novaesium VI; Vegas 1975, Taf.20, 7-9 - but see comments by Greene 1977, 486-7 on the chronology of this material) and three in the Tiberio-Claudian groups (Novaesium V; Filtzinger 1972, form 1.6, Taf.2, 9-12).

The original descriptions of the three jars illustrated by Vegas are as follows:

Ranbrst. eines Topfes Oberaden Typ 101. Der kräftige wulstige Rand ist leicht nach oben gebogen und mit zwei Rillen versehen - vgl. Augster Thermen Taf.12,12. Ziegelbrauner Ton.
Grosses Bruchst. eines Topfes ähnlich dem vorigen. Dunkelgraubrauner, fein geschlämmter Ton, shwarzgraue Rinde.
Randbrst. eines Topfes ähnlich wie die vorigen. Rotbrauner Ton, aussen schwarz. Starke Brandspuren.

The type is discussed further in the main body of the text (Vegas 1975, 37-8). In addition to the three illustrated vessels eight others are listed in the catalogue. It is reasonably clear from the descriptions that the vessels do not have coarse, mica-rich fabrics and indeed Vegas draws an explicit contrast with the micaceous character of Oberaden type 101. Parallels for the form are cited from Roanne, Augst, Augsburg-Oberhausen and Camulodunum (type 262) but no reference is made to the Neuss examples previously published by Filtzinger, to which we now turn.

Filtzinger illustrates four vessels as his type 1.6 (Filtzinger 1972, Taf.2, 9-12) They are described as red-brown in colour with `Goldglimmerüberzug'. Information of rather more interest is to be found in the petrological report, prepared by J.Frechen and occupying pages 41-49 of the Novaesium V volume. The majority of the report concerns the local wares but there is a small selection of exotica, including a number with granitic inclusions. One of these, sample 133 is described on page 45 as `Gröberes Korn, stark gemagert, reich an Biotit'. It is unfortunate that the cross-referencing between the thin-section report and the illustrated vessels is so thinly documented. Sample 133 is from `Topfes mit abgesetzem Hals und umgelegtem Rand' which is equivalent to Filtzinger's type 1 (page 49). Of these, Taf.2, 9-12 (type 1.6) are the only members of type 1 described as micaceous and the petrological sample is most probably from a vessel of this type. The biotite-rich clay of sample 133, and the vessels of type 1.6, should be examples of TF1.

To summarise, the status of the moulded-rim jars from Augustan Neuss published by Vegas is unclear; those illustrated by Filtzinger are almost certainly in TF1.

Ferdière 1972
Bibliography Filtzinger 1972, Form 1.6, 3, 45, 49, Taf.2,9-12
Vegas 1975, 37-8, 67, Taf.20,7-9
Fabrics(s) TF1 Granite tempered - possibly
Location map : Neuss
Additional illustrations, notes and text
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