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 • Cam. 262 / le type Besançon

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 • Concordance with Ferdière 1972
 • Source of illustrations

 • TF1 - Granite-tempered
 • [Sample thin section]
 • [Hi-res (DjVu) image]
 • TF2 - `Standard fabric`

Camulodunum type 262, le type Besançon and Central Gaulish granite-tempered ware

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Site name Orléans
location FR 45-Loiret
museum Direction Régionale des Antiquités Historiques du Centre (\*(Or)
Typology Cam 102 Cam 262 Cam 45A Class 1 Class 2
Description The Augustan and later occupation at Orléans is extensive but it was only in 1984 that an earlier sequence was recovered at Îlot Saint-Germain, in the centre of the Roman and medieval city (Orléans site O18; excavations directed by D.Petit for the Direction Regionale des Antiquites Historiques du Centre region; see Ferdière 1985 for a note on the excavation). A selection of material from the site has been illustrated in an exhibition catalogue published by the Musée de Châteaudun (Villes ed. 1985, 71-72, fig.45).

The ceramics from the lowest levels include fine painted wares of the early `vase balustre' style, Dressel 1a amphoras and Campanian ware. The coarse wares are rather plain and confined to simple necked jars and open bowls -- there is no sign of any moulded-rim style, either in TF1 or other wares. Large jars of class 1 (apparently) in TF1 only appear in higher levels and are succeeded by deposits containing smaller jars of the Cam.262 type associated with flagons, samian and other early Roman fine wares. This sequence is important as it demonstrates a stratigraphic relationship between an indigenous coarse ware tradition and the appearance of TF1. With further study we may even be able to place a terminus post quem on the arrival of TF1 in the region. Moulded-rim jars, including many in TF1, are undoubtedly very common at Orléans and elsewhere in the region, but we should look to the coarse wares from the lowest levels of the Îlot Saint-Germain sequence to illustrate the indigenous tradition that has been displaced.

Moulded-rim jars in fabrics TF1, TF2 and the `Standard fabric', including forms Cam.262, Cam.102, bowls and larger dolia-type vessels are common in Augustan and Tiberian contexts at Orléans.

Ferdière 1972 Site 11
Bibliography Ferdière 1972, site 11 & fig.1
Fabrics(s) TF1 Granite tempered - from petrological examination
TF2 ’Standard fabric‘ - from petrological examination
Show more details of these thin sections
TS ID Image form petrology
31 Cam 262 TF1 Granite tempered
35 Sherd TF1 Granite tempered
36 Cam 262 TF2 ’Standard fabric‘
37 Class 1
47 Cam 262 TF1 Granite tempered
134 Cam 262 TF2 ’Standard fabric‘ /cf.B134
135 Cam 262 TF2 ’Standard fabric‘ /cf.B134
136 Cam 102 TF2 ’Standard fabric‘
137 Cam 262 TF2 ’Standard fabric‘ /cf.B134
138 Class 2 TF1 Granite tempered
139 Class 2
141 White-slipped red ware sherd TF2 ’Standard fabric‘ /rf
142 Sherd TF1 Granite tempered
143 Cam 262? TF2 ’Standard fabric‘
144 Class 1 TF1 Granite tempered
145 White-slipped red ware sherd TF2 ’Standard fabric‘ /rf
146 White-slipped red ware sherd TF2 ’Standard fabric‘
147 Cam 102 TF2 ’Standard fabric‘ /rf
148 Red-slipped ware TF2 ’Standard fabric‘
151 Red-slipped ware TF2 ’Standard fabric‘
154 Cam 262 TF1 Granite tempered
155 Cam 102 TF2 ’Standard fabric‘
266 Cam 102 TF2 ’Standard fabric‘
Location map : Orléans
Original text from Ferdière and Ferdière 1972
 • Url: • Author: • Last updated: 29 July, 2004 •