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 • Cam. 262 / le type Besançon

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 • Concordance with Ferdière 1972
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 • TF1 - Granite-tempered
 • [Sample thin section]
 • [Hi-res (DjVu) image]
 • TF2 - `Standard fabric`

Camulodunum type 262, le type Besançon and Central Gaulish granite-tempered ware

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Site name Mont Beuvray
location FR 58-Nièvre
museum Musée Rolin, Autun
Typology Cam 262 Class 1 bowls
Description The excavations at Bibracte between 1867 and 1907 recovered a group of material which continues to play a significant rôle in La Tène archaeology in France. The material from the early excavations is somewhat dispersed. The largest groups are at the Musée Rolin in Autun and the Musée des Antiquites Nationales, St.Germain-en-Laye (Paris), but there is also a small collection in the Musée Déchelette, Roanne. Although chosen by Déchelette as the type site for his La Tène III period it has long been clear that a proportion of the assemblage belongs not to the period of Gallic independance, but rather to the decades between 50 BC and the foundation of Autun under Augustus.

The series of excavations which commenced in 1985 should provide a sequence of assemblages against which the material from the older investigations can be compared, enabling the site to be placed in its proper regional context. A preliminary report on the 1984-5 campaign (Beck el al. 1987) includes illustrations of several moulded-rim jars (fig.6, 1,3,7,8. fig.7, 5,7,10) which are described as `.. bords moulurés plus ou moins déjétes vers l`extérieur, pâte à gros degraissant .. ' -- Ferdière's 1972 article is cited as a parallel. A more detailed description of the fabric of these vessels would be more than welcome.

The only substantial publication of the ceramics from the older excavations is Thiollier's Album of 1899 (with some additions and corrections by Cabotse and Périchon 1963 and Périchon 1966), which naturally falls somewhat short of modern standards. The material includes jars in TF1, particularly the Cam.262 and related jars and large jars of class 1 Some vessels are clearly related in form although the fabrics are different (e.g. FIG.14, 6,8,11) whilst others, such as jars with combed decoration belong to a separate tradition, but clearly still within the general moulded-rim style. Although the extant Bibracte material may not be fully representative (and only comparison with the material from the new excavations will reveal this), it is reasonably clear that TF1 is a major component of the coarse ware assemblage on the site.

Ferdière 1972 Site 25
Bibliography Thiollier 1899
Déchelette 1904
Ferdière 1972, site 25
Beck et al. 1987, figs.6-7
Fabrics(s) TF1 Granite tempered - from petrological examination
Show more details of these thin sections
TS ID Image form petrology
176 Cam 262 TF1 Granite tempered
270 Cam 262 TF1 Granite tempered
Location map : Mont Beuvray
Original text from Ferdière and Ferdière 1972
Additional illustrations, notes and text
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