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Camulodunum type 262, le type Besançon and Central Gaulish granite-tempered ware

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Site name Verdun-sur-le-Doubs
location FR 71-Saône-et-Loire
museum Musée Denon, Chalons-sur-Saône
Typology Class 1 Class 2
Description East of Châlon, near the confluence of the Saône and the Doubs lies the Late La Tène site of Petit Chauvort at Verdun-sur-le-Doubs The pottery includes Dressel 1a amphoras, a surprisingly large quantity of Campanian A (Vaussanvin 1978, 141-4. Pl.2, 1-8) and early varieties of painted ware (Guillot l97l; Périchon 1985). The site is clearly pre-Caesarian and Morel has commented that the Campanian wares should be assigned to the second century BC, perhaps before 130 BC (Morel 1978, 166). Amongst the coarse wares are a large number of large jars of class 1 and 2 in TF1

This is not, however, the only material of interest from the site. The assemblage also includes numbers of coarse ware bowls with moulded rims. These are not in TF1 and have more affinities of both form and fabric with the Tournus material. There are also two jars with tall slightly out-turned rims with horizontal ripples on the neck. Both have a row of coarsely impressed decoration on the shoulder, granular, sand-tempered fabrics and unevenly burnished surfaces These ripple-necked jars are unrelated to the moulded-rim jars of the Saône valley discussed above and represent a separate and distinctive tradition. It is not proposed to discuss this style in detail here -- it is sufficient to note affinities with material from sites in the Rhône valley, such as Vienne (Chapotat 1970, pl.XLVII; see Tyers 1981, 108-112 for a summary of the style) and in all probability these vessels are products of an industry in that area.

It is unfortunate that a final report on this important and rich site is not yet available. It is clearly of some importance for the chronology of the early phase of TF1 production to assess all the dating evidence in some detail. The indications that the coarse ceramic assemblage includes material from a number of sources should caution against picking out any one of them as the `local' product (contra Vaussanvin 1985, 124), at least without taking account of the detailed background of all the material. It may be relevant to any interpretation of this mixture of sources that the site lies adjacent to the confluence of the fast flowing River Doubs and the calmer Saône. The site would be an excellent transhipment point between material coming from the south and the north-east.

Ferdière 1972
Bibliography Material on exhibition at AFEAF congress, Rully 1983
Fabrics(s) TF1 Granite tempered - from visual examination
Location map : Verdun-sur-le-Doubs
Additional illustrations, notes and text
 • Url: http://www.potsherd.org.uk/papers/cgmw/db/site/94 • Author: • Last updated: 29 July, 2004 •