Principal forms in Central Gaulish granite-tempered ware
The moulded-rim jar, Camulodunum
form 262, is the British
representative of the class of vessels known as le type
(after Ferdière & Ferdière 1972).
This ‘type’ occurs in a wide range of wares, but the distinctive
hand-formed, micaceous fabric, tempered with weathered fragments of a
coarse-grained granite typical of the Camulodunum
the most widely distributed of the fabrics. Petrological analysis
confirms that jars and bowls in this ware are present on Late Iron Age
and early Roman sites across central and western Gaul, and
sporadically in southern Britain. The source of the ware probably
lies in or near the Morvan, in southern Burgundy. A part of the wide
distribution of these jars may be due to their use as containers,
perhaps for prepared foodstuffs. The proposed source region lies
adjacent to important trans-Gaulish trade routes. The relationship
between the granite-tempered ware and the wider type
phenomenon is discussed.
Abstract from P.A.Tyers Camulodunum type 262.
Central Gaulish coarse wares in Iron Age Britain (2001)
What is this ?
These pages concern a class of coarse pottery produced in
Central France during the Late Iron Age and early Roman periods (later
2nd and 1st century BC). This has a wide but thin distribution across
central, north and western Gaul, and is also found in pre-conquest
assemblages in southern Britain. They are intended as an
accompaniment to a paper describing the petrology, typology,
distribution and chronology of the ware given at a conference in Arras (France) in 1998 and
published in volume 12
of the journal
Nord-Ouest Archéologie (2001).
The full bibliographic reference is:
P A Tyers
‘Camulodunum type 262. Central Gaulish coarse wares in Iron Age Britain’
in La céramique en Gaule et Bretagne romaines: Commerce, contacts et romanisation
eds. Marie Tuffreau-Libre and Alain Jacques,
Nord-Ouest Archéologie, 12,
Centre de Recherches Archéologiques et de Diffusion Culturelle,
Berck-sur-Mer, 2001, pp. 87-106
The volume can probably be ordered through
specialist archaeological bookshops such as Oxbow Books,
or might be obtainable through archaeological libraries.
Pages describing the volume with a list of contents are available
A short summary of the fabric, its history and distribution can be found on
this page (also available as a
downloadable PDF file).
How to use these pages
These web pages do not duplicate the contents of the published
Instead they give access to a database containing further details of the
sites, vessels and petrological analyses which could not be included
in the published paper due to space and other limitations.
To this end these
pages include the maps from the original paper, enhanced with links through to
the underlying database. This enables the reader to look at the data
behind the maps. These can be displayed through the links
in the main menu (probably to be found on the left of this text), or
through those below:
The database includes conventional archaeological data such as site
locations, provenance and bibliography. In addition (and taking
advantage of the possibilities offered by web publication) there are
photographs or scans of some of the original sherds, scans of drawings or
sketches and extracts from the original publications of some vessels,
sometimes annotated — the electronic equivalent of the
photocopies and notes compiled during the original research
project. Details of the provenance
of the vessels illustrated in the original paper are also available.
This is in part an exercise in extending the depth and value of the
data supporting the conclusions in the published report, and will be enhanced as
new technologies become available.
These pages are part of the POTSHERD site - a general resource on Roman pottery studies.
Some adjustment to path names to cope with new server.
Some adjustment to path names and format of thin-section data.
Added page listing provenance of illustrated vessels.
Added photographs of sample petrological thin-sections.
Added pot drawings to some site records.